Biography of Shakil Kalam-Prepared Angela Kosta 


BIOGRAPHY OF SHAKIL KALAM 

Root Finder Writer Shakil Kalam was born on December 3, in Feni district in Bangladesh. He received two Master’s Degree in Governance Studies  from University of Dhaka. He has completed a diploma  course on IAS and IFRS from the Institute of Chatered Accountants of  Bangladesh (ICAB). 

Mostly, he is renowned as Central Banker, Corporate Governance and Internal Audit Specialist, Researcher, Poet, Translator, Columnist as well as Child-Litterateur. Now engaged in a research  foundation as a Honourary research fellow and consultant at financial sectors.  

He was engaged as a Deputy General Manager in the central bank of Bangladesh. He attends as a key-note speaker in the seminar, symposium and discussion meeting at Dhaka University and other private universities. His book “A Handbook of Corporate Governance in Bangladesh” and “Comprehensive Articles on Financial Sectors in Bangladesh” are enlisted as reference books and taught in several universities including University of Dhaka. 

Shakil Kalam started writing since his boyhood. The author has personally tried to discuss various inconsistencies, inequalities, disillusion, hypocrisy, human suffering and the degradation of human moral and social values in his writings. 

He relentlessly tried to grasp the Liberation War of Bangladesh and it’s also brought diversity in his writings.  

In a word, it can be said Liberation War and social issues have been the main elements of his writing. But in recent times, new dimensions have come in his writings. In his scathing writings, politics, economics, cultural aggression, economic class discrimination, social values, scarcity of democratic values and culture, lack of democratic governance and deficiency of institutionalization of democracy vigorously highlighted. Moreover, spirituality have come massively to the foreside as well. 

He has been writing stories, poems, rhymes, essays, columns as well as translated articles of different languages. His published book numbers  are  more than thirty-nine as well as these are the best sellers. His poems translated in different languages like Tamil, Nepalese, Indonesian, Italian, Hindi, Urdu Romanian, Arabic, Spanish, French, German, Greek, Portuguese, Filipino, Turkey, Swahili (Kenyan Language), Tajik (Tajikistan), Assamese (India), Chinese, Hebrew, Vietnamese, Sindhi language, Odia (Indian language), Albanian and published various newspapers over the world like Bharath Vision, Creatividad, Williwash. Create Bridge Magazine, wordpress.com, Azhar, Wattpad.com, Kapan Baneshowar and English to com, Atunis Galactica, Literoma magazine, Sohu News of China, Kolhehamon magazine and Cuvant Romanesc, Children magazin, Revista Poetiva Azhar, Prodigy Magazine. His poems included in different anthologies like Poets Unity World  of Motivational Strips’ Antholog, PLIS Anthology Volume-1, The New Dawn, The Passion of Poetry Anthology Volume-1, Flowers of Love, Whispers of Soflay Volume-4, Gage D’ Amour: Token of Love, Hymn of Global, Flowers of Love, Modern Writers, Thoughts in Words, Compassion Save the World over the world Soflay 5 anthologies.   

Once upon a time he was engaged national daily The Banglar Bani and weekly magazine like Meghna, Robber, Bechitra, Labonno, Ajker Katha, Chitrakolpo and Chitrabangla etc.  

He has participated in several radio and in Bangladesh Television ( BTV) programs like recreational and dramas. Once upon a time, he had acted. 

He attends different seminar, symposium, conference and discussion meeting as a key-note speaker in various public and private universities. His textual books are listed and taught as reference books in Dhaka University, Independent University and banking sectors in Bangladesh. 

He has traveled India, Pakistan, Bhutan, Dubai, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia to participate in the seminar, symposium and conferences.  

He has participated in several radio programs. Of these, the names of literary programs, Annaysha, Kalokakoli, agricultural program and Uttoron are particularly noteworthy as well as his written dramas preached in national radio. 

Besides, he has participated in various programs like “Kathamala” and dramas in the Bangladesh Television. 

He received various awards, certificates and honour from different international literary groups. Recently he achieved “Order of Shakespeare Medal- 2021” and “Gujarat Sahittya Academy Award-2021” and World Welfare Council’s prize “Global Prestigious Award-2021” on the eve of Mohatma Gandhi Joyanti 2021. 

Moreover, he is the founder and administrator of the literary community group SahityaPata. He is also the Vicr President of International Human Rights Commission, Bangladesh Chapter. He is the International Ambassador for the Chamber of Writers and Artists in Spain as well as member of International English literary journal’s Advisory Board of “ENGLIT” and “Unending Quest.” He is the members of Dhaka University Political Science and Master in Governance Studies Alumni Associations. 

ROMANCE IN WORLD – LITERATURE

Literature is the written form of human life. Literature has no boundaries. Universal regardless of country, time, race, religion. So no one can draw the boundaries of literature. Literature in all languages is almost the same. However, the characteristic of the components of the literature depends on

the nature of the linguistic terrain, the environment, the surroundings, the biodiversity, the topography and the climate.

Since literature is centered on human life; so that human beings emotions, feelings, romance, love, happiness-sorrow, pain, laughter-cry, joy-separation, religions belief, philosophy, culture, civilization, history, heritage, politics, social, government and governance provisions are reflected.

There are two types of writing in literature, one is entertaining and the other is classic or social reality. Entertainment writing usually deals with emotionally charged and imaginative topics. Classic writings are dominated by observations of society and the underlying philosophy of society, as well as visual and non-visual genres. Therefore, in the timeless works of literature, both have been included according to the needs of human aspirations.

In a nutshell, literature is the real life feelings of the written or creative people of earthly or spiritual thoughts, feelings, beauty and art driven by the magical consciousness of man. According to the divisible form, literature can be divided into two parts – fictional and non-fictional. In the presentation of writing, verse and prose exist in two branches. Rhymes, poems can be included in verse, and prose can include essays, articles, stories, novels, plays, dramas.

People have been expressing their thoughts in different ways since the time of language or speech. That is why different mediums have emerged. Man has entered the post-modern age crossed the rocky and copper, ancient, middle and modern eras. Naturally, the division of the time has become essential in world literature as well. Therefore, in the literature of all the established languages of the world, there is a division between the ancient, medieval, modern and post-modern eras. In the evolution of time, on the canvas of literature, variety of subjects, ideas, concepts, styles, representations, imagery, similes, rhythms, rhythmic styles, difference in shape is also observed. My mother tongue Bengali is also not out of the era division.

In the literature of all the languages of the world, there are so many fairy tales that are detached from reality; but it is full of emotions, feelings and love. However, the words romance and romantic are used in English to express these words together. In composition of literature of different languages over the world, rhymes, poems, stories, novels, anecdotes, plays, dramas, lyric poems are widely have been reading of romance-rich romantic writings and these are included in timeless writings, and these arouse the heart. Therefore, it can be said without hesitation that the relationship of literature with thrilling writing is closely intertwined.

Moreover, there is a kind of work called heroism in world literature. Romance is also associated with these works of literature. There is not much discussion or research on this genre. However, there are many such literary works. In this literature, someone is killed for occupying the power, to take revenge, jealously. Later, killed heros and murderers became the subjects of this literature. Bangabandhu, the architect of Bangladesh and father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, the father of nation of India, Allende of Chile and Gamal Abdun Nasser of Egypt and kings, emperors and sultans or subedars’ of ancient and medieval times are especially notable.

A huge numbers of romantic epics, stories, tales, novels, dramas and plays have in the major languages of the world. The subject matters of this kind of literature is passion, love, heroism, murder, suicide, revenge and some imaginative works. Romantic write up and translation of literature in different languages of the world are discussed below.

One of the brightest examples of medieval Arkanian Bengali literature is the Padmavati, a translation of the great poet Alaol. In 1648, he wrote a unique epic based on the Hindi poem “Padumavat” written by Malik Muhammad Jaisi. The main characters of this book of poetry are Padmavati and Ratnasen. Influenced by religious ideology in medieval Bengali literature, Alaol’s skillful use of fluent language and elegant prosodist style in this book of poetry; it is a unique work of art.

On the other hand, during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Gias Uddin Azam Shah, the love story of Yusuf and Jolekha had written in a poetry book of medieval age by the first Muslim poet Shah Muhammad Sagir of Gaudiya Bengali literature. The main characters of this religious love poem are Hazrat

Yusuf (AS:) and Queen Jolekha of Egypt. This love story of a different genre is an immortal love poetry book in Bengali literature written by the writers of medieval books.

The two unique love stories of the Mahabharata written in Sanskrit are widely read and discussed all over the world. A wonderful example of human love is the love story of Radha-Krishna. Many books have been written in Bengali, Sanskrit and Urdu about this love. Another one is the love story of Draupadi and Panchpandava. Draupadi is the central female character of the Mahabharata. She was the consort of Panchpandava. After the battle of Kurukshetra, when Yudhisthira became king, she became queen again. 

The love story of Laily and Majnu is widely known, discussed and read all over the world. The main source of this story is Arabic folk-literature. Iranian poet Jamir and Persian poet Nizami Ganzavi has written the epic “Layli-Majnu” in Pharsi. Daulat Uzir Bahram Khan, a medieval poet of Gaudiya Bengali literature, translated the romantic love story Laily and Majnu into Bengali for a ten years from 1543 to 1553.

“Heer and Ranja” is a world famous tragic romantic story book written in Punjabi language from Pakistani folklore. The main characters are Dhori Ranja and Heer. The book had written by the Punjabi poet Syed Waris Shah in 1766. There are several poetic descriptions in this book; which is extremely heartwarming. In this story book described racial conflicts and difference between the land-lord and subjects.

Romance is not just have in love and affection; it also contains the great ideal of patriotism. Munshi Premchand, the father of modern Hindi literature and one of the most successful Urdu storytellers, has a strong patriotic romance. His first storybook, “Soz-e-Oaton” was confiscated by the British government in an attempt to mobilize the people against the British rule. Known as the novel-emperor of Hindi literature, Premchand’s greatest novel “Godan” is full of ambrosia of patriotic messages.

Anna, Karinina and Vronsky are the main characters in Lev Tolstoy’s novel “Anna Karenina” one of the most popular novels in Russian literature. Anna was Karenina’s wife. Anna had gotten meet with Vronsky, a young military officer, at a party. Later on, Vronsky had gotten meet with Anna on a train journey. Vronsky offered love to Anna there. But Anna refused it. Next time, Anna devoted herself to Vronsky, who has an attractive personality, and fallen in love with him and seeked out him. At one point, Vronsky involved himself with the fate of Anna. Their deep love, intense love and exquisite passion have broken all the rules and regulations of the society and reach the goal. The love affair between Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferninda of Aragon is a world-famous love story. The royal couple were officially married in 1469. The Castile and Aragon rulers formed a powerful state, Spain, by uniting the two kingdoms into one state. Later, in a power struggle, tensions started between the two. The couple separated after the death of their son. Isabella had never gotten rid of her grief until the end of her life. The love story of Ferdinand and Isabella was as heartwarming; her last result was so much tragic.

Cleopatra was the last queen of the Pharaoh dynasty of ancient Egyptian civilization. Her life and reign were shrouded in mystery. Her love story was surprising. Many stories and poems have been written in the history of the world about the love of the wonderful beauty-conscious and slim structured Cleopatra as well as many films have been made.

However, William Shakespeare, a medieval great English poet and writer, immortalized Queen Cleopatra’s love story in his “Anthony and Cleopatra” tragedy. Mark Antony, the mighty hero of Rome, arrived in Egypt at a special moment. The two fell in love at the first meeting between them. In the case of Anthony, the matter was massively publicised. The Roman hero seemed to go mad at the sight of Cleopatra. Meanwhile, the civil war in Rome disrupted Antony’s life. He eventually committed suicide. Here is the tomb of Cleopatra and antini’s love

William Shakespeare had written a timeless tragedy based on the love story “Romeo and Juliet”. Even after four hundreds and twenty five years, it is still at the top of popularity in the world. Romeo and Juliet’s family had long been engaged in conflicts over traditional hereditary arrogance. But forgetting the hostile relationship, the two young man-woman fell in love at first sight. Later, ignoring hundreds of family barriers they had gotten married after various dramas. In the end, the couple committed suicide due to misunderstanding between the two families. The death of this couple still moves the people of the world with the same emotions.

It is clear from the above discussion that romance is inextricably intertwined in every timeless literary works. Romanticism has taken place in poetry, lyric poetry, stories, novels and plays, that is, in every branch of world literature. However, in most of these works, tragedy or tragic consequences are observed. So, poet or writer; no matter what genre he belongs to; he cannot deny the inherent relationship of romance with literature. In order to present human life, philosophy of life and social reality in literature, the pen has to be directed by considering the thoughts, emotions, insights and imagination of the human psyche as the basis of reality.

Prepared Angela Kosta Academic, journalist, writer, poet, essayist, literary critic, editor, translator